Media Attributions

Module I: Introductory

What is Aerospace Engineering?

  1. 787_production_line © Jetstar Airways is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. 255_GRC_1977_04659-803×1024 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. aerodynamics_icon © Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  4. 1280px-Pratt__Whitney_Advanced_Ducted_Propulsor_engine_test-1024×799 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. Structures_icon_Replacement © ERAU/Dr. Alberto Mello is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  6. Aircraft_FBW.png © Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license, and based on FWB.png by MCVAGrupo11.
  7. surface © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  8. supersonic © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  9. 1280px-Raptor-test-9-25-2016 © Elon Musk / SpaceX is licensed under a CC BY-NC (Attribution NonCommercial) license
  10. 110930-N-JQ696-401 © US Navy / Kelly Schindler is licensed under a Public Domain license
  11. 111206413_henriwerijflyingvflyingabovesea © Henri Werij is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license

History of Aircraft & Aviation

  1. daVinciwings2 © Leonardo Da Vinci is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Montgolfier © Claude Louis Desrais is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. GiffardAirship © Mike Young is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. Edward_Frost_ornithopter © Unknown is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. cayley_planeadores © George Cayley is licensed under a Public Domain license
  6. First_flight © Wright, Wilbur, Orville Wright, and John T Daniels is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. SPAD © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  8. Junkers_J1 © Peter M Grosz is licensed under a Public Domain license
  9. Curtiss_NC-4 © US Navy is licensed under a Public Domain license
  10. J5 © Smithsonian is licensed under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license
  11. Ju-52 © Rror is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  12. Boeing247 © San Diego Air and Space Museum is licensed under a Public Domain license
  13. DC-3 © Towpilot is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  14. Spitfire © Franck Cabrol is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  15. Constellation © RuthAS is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  16. Strahlflugzeug Heinkel He 178 © Bundesarchiv Bild is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  17. F-80 © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  18. Electra © San Diego Air and Space Museum is licensed under a Public Domain license
  19. Comet © Imperial War Museums is licensed under a Public Domain license
  20. Air_France_Boeing_707 © Richard Vandervord is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  21. Boeing 747-400 © TD Darmstadt is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  22. B787 © Spaceaero2 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  23. A380 © Maarten Visser is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  24. ellehammer © Musée de l’Air et de l’Espace is licensed under a Public Domain license
  25. CiervaC4 © Unknown is licensed under a Public Domain license
  26. EAA_BELL_47 © FlugKerl2 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  27. Royal Air Force Merlin HC3A Helicopter © Cpl Phil Major ABIPP RAF is licensed under an Open Government license
  28. wheelwords © AHS International is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  29. Aerial refueling of F-35 Lightning II Joint Strike Fighters at Eglin AFB, Fla. © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  30. MV-22_mcas_Miramar_2014 © FOX 52 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  31. X-1 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  32. Holloman AFB F-4 Phantom II © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  33. Concorde © Eduard Marmet is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  34. X-59 © Lockheed Martin/NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  35. ERJ135 © Arpingstone is licensed under a Public Domain license
  36. Cirrus © A. Hunt is licensed under a Public Domain license
  37. Pipistrel Velis Electro © Andre J Check is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license

History of Rockets & Spaceflight

  1. Flyby © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. chinese-rockets © Unknown is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. Goddard © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. Roof of Combustion Chamber V2 Rocket © Skipweasel is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  5. X-15 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  6. Sputnik © NSSDC / NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. explorer1 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  8. Friendship7 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  9. Gemini_spacecraft © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  10. Apollo Moon Mission Profile © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  11. SaturnV © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  12. Mariner-10 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  13. Navstar © NOAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  14. Shuttle © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  15. Hubble © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  16. James Webb Space Telescope © Kevin Gill is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  17. ISS © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  18. pegasus © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  19. Falcon9launch © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  20. SLS on 39B ahead of launch  © NASA/Joel Kowsky is licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives) license

Module II: Getting into Details

Anatomy of Aircraft & Spacecraft

  1. assemblies © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Boeing_727_flight_control_surfaces.svg © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. WingstructureUpdate © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. stressedskin © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. Airbus_A380 © Unknown is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  6. F15_drawing.svg © Open Clip Art Library is licensed under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license
  7. American Airlines B757-200 port wing root © Bill Abbott is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  8. Turbofan_operation.svg © K. Aainsqatsi is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  9. LookingAtWing adapted by Gordon Leishman (added labels) is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.  Original © David Monniaux is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.
  10. LandingGear_1 adapted by Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license. Composed of the following images:
    1. G-BGMP Reims F172 @Cotswold Airport, July 2005 © Adrian Pingstone is licensed under a Public Domain license.
    2. Singapore Airlines A380-841 (9V-SKB) taking off from London Heathrow Airport © Allen Watkin is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.
  11. LandingGear_2 adapted by Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license. Composed of the following images:
    1. Kenn Borek Twin Otter C-GXXB © CambridgeBayWeather is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
    2. De Havilland Canada DHC-6-300 Twin Otter, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources AN1100475 © Alain Rioux is licensed under a GNU Free Documentation Version 1.2 license
    3. JMSDF TH-135(8815) skid left front view at Tokushima Air Base September 30, 2017 © Hunini is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  12. helicopteranatomy2 © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  13. Saturn5 © Mike Jetzer/heroicrelics.org is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  14. RocketMotorInternals © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  15. Delta2 © National Archives is licensed under a Public Domain license
  16. Sentinel 6 Mission © SpaceX is licensed under a CC BY-NC (Attribution NonCommercial) license
  17. Shuttle Cutaway © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  18. deepspaceprobe © NASA/JPL is licensed under a Public Domain license
  19. STScI-01EVSVFEBEE8PM3XCN5V24CQE1 © NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center is licensed under a Public Domain license

Primer on Aerospace Structures

  1. Replica_Sopwith_Camel_(G-BZSC) © Alan Wilson is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. Severe buckling © NASA is licensed under a CC BY-NC (Attribution NonCommercial) license
  3. AR-99-Coarse-FEM © Dorin Lozici-Brînzei, Simion Tătaru, and Radu Bîscă is licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives) license
  4. truss © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. monocoque © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  6. semimonocoque © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. Vickers Wellington Frame © Kroidkrensen is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  8. wingstructure © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  9. wingspars © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  10. boxbeamspar © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  11. wingletstructure © Marzani, A., Testoni, N., De Marchi, L., Messina, M., Monaco, E. and Apicella, A. is licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives) license
  12. rudder © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  13. Steinbichler_Shearography_Honeycomb_with_CFRP_Top_Layer_Artificial_failures_that_simulate_layer-core_delaminations_Material © Rafael Schoen is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  14. Fiber Composite NLR © NLR / R. Klomp-de Boer is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  15. pressure_vessel © SpaceX is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  16. loftid_rv_diagram © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Aircraft Classification and Regulations:

  1. AirplaneMontage © Gordon Leishman/ERAU is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.  Comprised of the following images, clockwise from the upper left:
    1. Cessna Caravan Float Plane   EurovisionNim, released for use with attribution.
    2. Zeppelin NT-4871-2 Dietrich Krieger CC BY SA
    3. Autogyro MT-03 (D-MTBI) Huhu Uet CC BY
    4. Cessna_172S_(3-30-2022) © ERAU is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
    5. Airbus A380-841, Singapore Airlines AN2064183
      Konstantin von Wedelstaedt GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2
    6. Zepper-BK 117-C2-(EC145)-SchweizerischeRettungsflugwacht Matthias Zepper CC BY SA
    7. Air Cadet Sailplane Glyn Baker CC BY SA
    8. BA609 02 Dmitry Mottl Public Domain
    9. Hot air balloon over Cappadocia, Turkey MusikAnimal CC BY SA
  2. Cessna_172S_(3-30-2022) © ERAU is licensed under an All Rights Reserved license
  3. Garda_Síochána_surveillance_helicopter © O’Dea is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.
  4. Hang Glider © Clément Bucco-Lechat is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license.
  5. UAV © Pixabay is licensed under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license
  6. fighteraircraft © Staff Sgt. Courtney Richardson/USAF is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. FAA Image 2 © Pixabay (adapted by Cassandra Konz) is licensed under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license
  8. ICAOlogo © ICAO is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  9. EASAlogo © EASA is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  10. FAA_CofA © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  11. FAA Drone © LN_Photoart (adapted by Cassandra Konz) is licensed under a CC0 (Creative Commons Zero) license

Professional Responsibilities, Ethics & Copyright

  1. Ethics © Gordon Leishman/ERAU is licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Module III: Fluid Properties & Hydrostatics

Fundamental Properties of Fluids

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

All About the Math

  1. newton_and_leibniz © Randall Munroe/XKCD is licensed under a CC BY-NC (Attribution NonCommercial) license
  2. rounding © Randall Munroe/XKCD is licensed under a CC BY-NC (Attribution NonCommercial) license

Fluid Statics & the Hydrostatic Equation

  1. Manometer-Compare © Alfredo Louro (left) and Harke (right) is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike) license.

Atmospheric Properties

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Module IV: Introduction to Fluid Dynamics

Types of Fluid Flows

  1. Colored Smoke I © airguy1988 is licensed under a CC BY-ND (Attribution NoDerivatives) license

Dimensional Analysis

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Mach Number & Reynolds Number

  1. Flightshocks © NASA/USAF is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. schlierenbullet © G. S. Settles is licensed under a Public Domain license

Principles of Dynamic Similarity

  1. MD11intunnel © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Proprotor_tunnel © Harlen Capen, NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. Engineer conducting experiments in towing tank © University of Southampton, Ship Science is licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND (Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives) license

Module V: Models of Fluid Motion

Problem Solving & Fluid Flow Models

  1. CFDproblem © Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR) is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  2. WingModels © D.F. Feder, M. Dhone, N. Kornev. and M. Abdel-Maksoud [CFD models] adapted by Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Conservation of Mass: Continuity Equation

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Conservation of Momentum: Momentum Equation

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Conservation of Energy: Energy Equation & Bernoulli’s Equation

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Applications of the Conservation Laws

  1. Aircraft venturi 1 © YSSYguy is licensed under a Public Domain license.
  2. Faa_pitot_static_system © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license.

Module VI: Airfoil and Wing Aerodynamics

Wing Shapes & Nomenclature

  1. Voando_de_Madrid_a_Compostela_5 © Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. XF91-21republic © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. Dihedral_on_a_TUI_Boeing_737-800_(G-TAWJ)_taxying_for_take_off_at_Bristol_Airport,_England_14May2019 © Adrian Pingstone is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. 167th_AS_C-5A_Galaxy © US Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. Dg800 © DG Flugzeugbau is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  6. Delta_A330_vortex © Maarten Visser is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  7. WingletsMontage adapted by Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license. Composed of the following images:
    1. Airbus A350 Winglets © Niklas55555 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
    2. Southwest Starboard Winglet © Formulanone is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
    3. Wingtip Fence Airbus A320 © Mariofan13 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
    4. Wingtip device on a Lion Air Boeing 737-900 © Riyad Filza
    5. Paris Air Show 2017 Airbus A380plus winglet © Marc Lacoste is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
    6. Wingtip device on a China Eastern Airlines Airbus A330-343 © Shimin Gu is licensed under a GNU Free Documentation 1.2 license
  8. Boeing_737-8_MAX_Belyakov © Oleg V. Belyakov is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license

Airfoil Geometries

  1. oldairfoils © Horatio Phillips is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. SupersonicAIrfoil © Jorge Luis Garrido Tellez, Eusebio Hernandez-Martinez, Miguel Toledo Velazquez, Jose Angel Ortega Herrera, and Pedro Quinto-Diez is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Boundary Layers

  1. selligphoto is adapted with permission of Michael Selig.
  2. F-16XL_NASA © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Aerodynamics of Airfoils

  1. 2dinsert
  2. n23012 © NACA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. NACA2412chars © NACA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. TransonicFlowImages
  5. 2412plots

Aerodynamics of Finite Wings

  1. Boeing_747_performing_wing_vortex_trials_3.jpeg © NACA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Delta_A330_vortex © Maarten Visser is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  3. TipVortexRollup
  4. An_F-15_creating_its_own_vapor_cloud_over_Elmendorf_AFB,_Anchorage,_Alaska_(4851411637) © Frank Kovalchek is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  5. 777X_Roll-Out © Dan Nevill is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  6. Goldilocks © Bernal Saborio is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  7. getImage.cfm © Jianbing Li, Chun Shen, Hang Gao, P. W. Chan, K. K. Hon, and Xuesong Wang is All Rights Reserved, used under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement.

Module VII: Bluff Body and Internal Flows

Aerodynamics of Bluff Bodies

  1. Viv-carre © Tiriginiaq is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  2. R_combined © Henri Werle / Onera, the French Aerospace Lab is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  3. WingRoot01 © Ahunt is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. Aerodynamics of model car © Rob Bulmahn is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  5. trailerdrag © Transport Canada is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  6. Fuxinghao_CR400_high-speed_train_front © Shihu7 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  7. Shadowgraph-image-of-sphere-at-M-153© A.C. Charters is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  8. Bowshock © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Internal Flows

  1. X-43A_(Hyper_-_X)_Mach_7_computational_fluid_dynamic_(CFD) © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Staged_combustion_rocket_cycle.svg © Duk is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  3. DiaphragmPump © Ryan O’Connor is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. Moody_diagram © S Beck and R Collins is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  5. ERAUtunnelfeatures © ERAU is licensed under an All Rights Reserved license

Module VIII: Basis of Airplane Performance

Aircraft Equations of Motion

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Introduction to Propulsion Systems

  1. Piston Engine © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Turbojet_operation-_axial_flow © Emoscopes is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  3. Turbofan_operation.svg © K. Aainsqatsi is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. Turboprop_operation-en © Emoscopes and M0tty is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  5. Turboshaft_operation_(multilanguage) © Mliu92 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  6. SR-71_Blackbird_afterburn-scaled © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. RS-68_rocket_engine_test © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  8. Specific-impulse-kk-20090105 © Kashkhan is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  9. 51832329970_1f8522692b_k-e1671680381237 © Rolls-Royce is licensed under an All Rights Reserved license
  10. BetaTechnologiesALIA © BETA Technlologies is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license

Airspeed Definitions & Airspeed Measurement

  1. A Cut View of Air Speed Indicator © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. Faa_pitot_static_system © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. pitotprobeairplane © Olivier Cleynen is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. StaticPort © SempreVolando is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  5. TrailingCone © DLR_de is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Altitude Definitions & Altitude Measurement

  1. Altimeter_workings © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. ReadingAlitmeter © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. OAT_probe
  4. OutsideAIrTemp

Module IX: Details of Propulsion Systems

Reciprocating Engines & Propellers

  1. Piper PA28R-200 Arrow II ‘G-BBFD’ © Alan Wilson is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. Propellor Radial Engine Flight Aeroplane Aircraft © David Donaldson is licensed under a Pixabay License.
  3. Continental_IO-520_2© Stahlkocher is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. Otto-engine-all-strokes-2 © Mike Run is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  5. engine-power-03 © Kevin Horton/KitPlanes is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  6. Antonov_An-140-100._Propeller © Doomych is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. Propeller_types

Turbojet Engines

  1. J85 ge 17a turbojet engine © Sanjay Acharya is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. Jet engine © Jeff Dahl is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  3. Turbjet_Press_temps © Gordon Leishman is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license, created using Jeff Dahl’s Jet Engine image above.
  4. noise1 © Mojtaba Sadeghian and Mofid Gorji Bandpy is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  5. th
  6. A 492nd Fighter Squadron’s F-15E Strike Eagle takes off from Royal Air Force Lakenheath © U.S. Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. Simple Ramjet Operation © Konstantin Kosachev is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Turbofan & Turboprop Engines

  1. PW4000 © United Technologies Corporation – Pratt & Whitney Division is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  2. ryeeA © k. Aainsqatsi is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  3. hD8lr © Emoscopes/M0tty is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. AdvancedPropellerPublicDomain © Samuel King Jr/U.S. Air Force is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. Structure-of-turbo-shaft-engine.ppm © Nannan Gu, Xi Wang, and Feiqiang Lin is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  6. F135-PW-600 © United Technologies Corporation – Pratt & Whitney Division is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license
  7. Safran Open Rotor © k. Aainsqatsi is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license

Rocket Propulsion

  1. Staged_combustion_rocket_cycle.svg © Duk is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. Apollo11 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. The Hybrid R10000 Rocket Rising from the Dust © Steve Jurvetson is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license

Module X: Airplane Flight Performance

Steady Level Flight Performance

  1. All images in this chapter © Gordon Leishman/ERAU are licensed under a CC BY-NC-ND license.

Flight Performance Envelopes

  1. 309908main_EC89-0096-206 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  2. AirplaneFlightSpeedVsYear © Gordon Leishman/ERAU is adapted from data from Air Informatics.
  3. schlierensweepback © NASA/NACA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  4. supercriticalwing © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  5. 4219-136 © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  6. Antishock_Bodies_Visualization © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  7. Easyjet_a319_wing_g-ezav_arp © Adrian Pingstone is licensed under a Public Domain license
  8. flutter © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Flight Range & Endurance

  1. PayloadRangeB787 © Boeing is licensed under a All Rights Reserved license

Climbing, Ceiling & Gliding

  1. ENTERAIR6-SPENB © Enterair is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license

Module XI: Topics for Further Study

Maneuvers & Gusts

  1. The_Flying_Bulls_Aerobatics_Team © Kuba Bożanowski is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  2. IABG_Test_Setup_A380_Dresden_bent_wing © IABG Dresden is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license
  3. Illustration-of-a-vertical-gust-hitting-an-aircraft-in-flight

Stalling & Spinning

  1. Airfoil_stall_flow (Image 1) and (Image 2) © DLR is licensed under a CC BY (Attribution) license.
  2. B747tripleslotted © the-difference is licensed under a CC BY-NC-SA (Attribution NonCommercial ShareAlike) license.
  3. vortexgenerators © Bill Abbott is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. StallStrip1 © Ahunt is licensed under a Public Domain license

Takeoff & Landing Performance

  1. B777climb
  2. TakeoffChart_FAA © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. LandingChart_FAA © FAA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Aircraft Stability & Control

  1. Trimmable_horizontal_stabiliser © YSSYguy is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  2. anhedral_Harrier © Sgt Gabriela Garcia is licensed under a Public Domain license
  3. Abu_Dhabi_Amiri_Flight_Boeing_747SP-Z5,_A6-ZSN@LHR,23.01.2003 © Aero Icarus is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  4. Beechcraft_1900D_Hex’air_(cropped) © Douchet Quentin adapted by Gordon Leishman (cropped image) is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  5. CHscale © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license

Flying Fast! Supersonic & Hypersonic Flight

Astronautics & Space

  • 52524105272_f5a9bdcda7_o © NASA is licensed under a Public Domain license
  • Solar_System
  • Artemis_I_Launch_(NHQ202211160029)
  • First Image of a Black Hole
  • STScI-01GKMKK89AW9AX0Q9QA390CB6W
  • Apollo_cm

Helicopters & Vertical Flight

  • Rotor_technology
  • ellehammer © Musée de l’Air et de l’Espace is licensed under a Public Domain license
  • CiervaC4 © Unknown is licensed under a Public Domain license
  • EAA_BELL_47 © FlugKerl2 is licensed under a CC BY-SA (Attribution ShareAlike) license
  • Zepper-BK_117-C2-EC145-SchweizerischeRettungsflugwacht.jpeg
  • TiltrotorModes-1.png
  • Wingcopter_178_HL_Delivery_.jpg
  • Helicopter_MainRotorHub.png
  • RotorWingVortices-2.png
  • Bo105_Rotorkopf_0570b.jpg
  • JMSDF_SH-60J8265_tail_rotor_hub_at_Tokushima_Air_Base_September_30_2017.jpg

 

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