168 Tajikistan

Three horizontal stripes of red (top), a wider stripe of white, and green. A gold crown surmounted by seven gold, five-pointed stars is located in the center of the white stripe. Red represents the sun, victory, and the unity of the nation, white stands for purity, cotton, and mountain snows, while green is the color of Islam and the bounty of nature. The crown symbolizes the Tajik people. The seven stars signify the Tajik magic number “seven” – a symbol of perfection and the embodiment of happiness.

Flag courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Map courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Google Earth

The Palace of Nations in Dushanbe

Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

Tajikistan is a member of ICAO.
Last updated on April 19, 2024


According to Britannica, in 1994 voters approved a new constitution to replace the Soviet-era constitution that had been in effect since 1978 and amended after independence. The new constitution established legislative, executive, and judicial branches. Tajikistan’s constitution provides for a strong legislature. Executive authority is held by the president, who serves as the head of state. The president is elected directly for a maximum of two seven-year terms and appoints the cabinet and high court justices, subject to approval by the legislature. The prime minister, also appointed by the president and confirmed by the legislature, serves as head of government.

Tajikistan is a republic with two legislative houses: the National Assembly and the Assembly of Representatives. The legislature has the authority to enact and annul laws, interpret the constitution, and confirm presidential appointees. Legislative elections are held every five years under a mixed system. Members of the Assembly of Representatives, the lower chamber, are elected by popular vote to five-year terms; 41 are elected by constituency, and 22 are elected by proportional representation. Eight of the members of the upper chamber, the National Assembly, are appointed by the president, and 25 are indirectly elected by local deputies to serve five-year terms. In addition, one seat is reserved for each former president. The indirectly elected members represent regional constituencies: five come from each viloyat (province or region), five come from the unincorporated region, and five come from the city of Dushanbe.

Although the constitution lists numerous rights and freedoms of citizens, it provides a mechanism by which these rights and freedoms can be, and are, severely restricted by law.

The country is divided into three viloyats, Sughd, Khatlon, and Mountainous Badakhshan (also known as Gorno-Badakhshan) viloyati mukhtori (autonomous region), while a region in the middle of the country remains unincorporated and under the direct governance of the central government. Each viloyat or region is divided into several districts, of which there are 58 throughout the country.

The highest courts include the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Supreme Economic Court (for commercial cases), and a Court of Gorno-Badakhshan, which has jurisdiction over the Gorno-Badakhshan autonomous region.

Civil / National Aviation Authority (CAA/NAA)


SkyVectorGoogle MapsADS-B Exchange

ICAO countries publish an Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP). This document is divided into three parts: General (GEN), En Route (ENR) and Aerodromes (AD). ENR 1.4 details the types of airspace classes they chose to adopt from classes A through G. Tajikistan AIP

airspace classification

Drone Regulations

Currently, there is no legal framework for the use of drones.

Advanced Air Mobility (AAM)


Short Essay Questions

Question 1

You have been hired by a Drone Startup Company. Your boss has immediately assigned this job to you.

They need you to prepare a one-page memo detailing the legalities of using a drone to film the Palace of Nations, pictured above.

They need you to mention any national laws and local ordinances.

They specifically want to know what airspace you will be operating in and whether or not you need an airspace authorization.

Does it matter whether or not you are a citizen of the country?

Lastly, there is a bonus for you if, as you scroll through this chapter, you find any typos or broken links!

Question 2

Do you need a certificate to fly UAS?

If so, how do you obtain one?

Are there fees associated with this?

If so, how much?

Question 3

May you operate beyond visual line of sight?

If so, what procedures must you follow?

Question 4

Does the country have UAM/AAM laws? If so, describe, citing the exact law.

Question 5

Are you aware of any new laws or policies not mentioned above? If so, describe, citing the exact law or policy.






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Drones Across the World Copyright © 2023 by Sarah Nilsson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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