62 Czechia

Two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and red with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side.

Flag courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Map courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Google Earth

The Church of Our Lady before Tyn (also known as the Tyn Cathedral) overlooks Old Town Square in Prague.

Photo courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Czechia is a member of ICAO, EUROCONTROL, JARUS, EASA, and the EU.
Last updated on April 17, 2024


According to Britannica, on December 16, 1992, the Czech National Council adopted a new constitution establishing the Czech Republic as a parliamentary democracy. This document reflects the Western liberal tradition of political thought and incorporates many of the principles codified in the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms, which was adopted by the former Czechoslovak Federal Assembly in January 1991. The constitution provides for a bicameral Parliament consisting of a Chamber of Deputies (elected on a proportional basis for four-year terms) and a Senate (elected on a district basis for six-year terms).

Executive power is shared by the prime minister and the president. Directly elected by popular vote to a five-year term, the president, who is also the head of state, appoints a prime minister, who heads the government and advises the president on the appointment of other members of the government.

The Czech Republic was formerly divided into 77 okresy (districts). These units are still recognized, but in 2000 the country reestablished 13 kraje (regions) and one hlavní mesto (city) that reflect administrative divisions in place from 1948 to 1960. Local governments have the power to raise local taxes and are responsible for roads, utilities, public health, and schools.

The Czech Republic’s judicial system consists of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Administrative Court, and the Supreme Court as well as high, regional, and district courts. Military courts are under the jurisdiction of the department of defense. During the 1990s, the Czech government took steps to modify its legal system (based on pre-1918 Austrian criminal code) to meet standards set by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Civil / National Aviation Authority (CAA/NAA)

In 1997, CAA CZ is established under Section 3 of the Act No. 49/1997 Coll. on Civil Aviation. In 2018, Regulation (EU) 2018/1139 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2018 on common rules in the field of civil aviation and establishing a European Union Aviation Safety Agency entered into force.


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ICAO countries publish an Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP). This document is divided into three parts: General (GEN), En Route (ENR) and Aerodromes (AD). ENR 1.4 details the types of airspace classes they chose to adopt from classes A through G. Czechia AIP

Airspace Classification

Airspace Classification

Airspace Classification

Airspace Classification


Drone Regulations

Drone Laws

Since 31st December 2020 the common European regulatory framework for unmanned aircraft systems UAS is implemented in the Czech Republic. For more information see the common EU framework.

For cross-border operation according to Article 13 of the Commission implementing regulation (EU) 2019/947 of 24 May 2019, as amended, please use Application for a cross-border UAS operation in the ‘specific’ category.

Please be aware, that for all UAS operated in the Czech republic, regardless of the purpose of use (Recreational and Sport Flying/Aerial Work/Corporate Flights), special operational conditions apply (airspace limitations, geographical zones). The corresponding general measure, by which a LKR10-UAS Restricted Area covering the area of the Czech Republic has been established as a transitional measure, and is available at General Measure LKR10–UAS (English working translation).

We would like to draw your attention especially to the requirement to observe a safe distance during flight from a congested area (significantly limiting the possibility to operate an aircraft in a city), from people, vehicles and construction, from airports, from other air traffic and environmentally protected areas. Practical possibilities of UAS operation in the “OPEN” category in the congested area are limited – please refer to above mentioned measure (Section I (2)(f), Congested area). In this context, we would also like to point out the need to respect privacy rights and to protect personal data of uninvolved people.

Operation within restricted/prohibited airspace zones is generally prohibited. Operation of unmanned aircraft in Prague for example would most probably collide with LKR9 Restricted Area (area covering most of Prague) and possibly with LKP1 Prohibited Area (area around Prague Castle, Charles Bridge, Vltava river), and currently LKP-CENTRUM, a Prohibited Area temporarily established in connection with the Czech presidency of the Council of the European Union.

Indicative scheme of categories of unmanned aircraft system (UAS) operations

categories of UAS operations


Advanced Air Mobility (AAM)


Short Essay Questions

Question 1

You have been hired by a Drone Startup Company. Your boss has immediately assigned this job to you.

They need you to prepare a one-page memo detailing the legalities of using a drone to film the old town square in Prague, pictured above.

They need you to mention any national laws and local ordinances.

They specifically want to know what airspace you will be operating in and whether or not you need an airspace authorization.

Does it matter whether or not you are a citizen of the country?

Lastly, there is a bonus for you if, as you scroll through this chapter, you find any typos or broken links!

Question 2

Do you need a certificate to fly UAS?

If so, how do you obtain one?

Are there fees associated with this?

If so, how much?

Question 3

May you operate beyond visual line of sight?

If so, what procedures must you follow?

Question 4

Does the country have UAM/AAM laws? If so, describe, citing the exact law.

Question 5

Are you aware of any new laws or policies not mentioned above? If so, describe, citing the exact law or policy.





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Drones Across the World Copyright © 2023 by Sarah Nilsson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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