186 Chad

Three equal vertical bands of blue (hoist side), gold, and red. The flag combines the blue and red French (former colonial) colors with the red and yellow (gold) of the Pan-African colors. Blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and the south of the country, which is relatively well-watered. Gold represents the sun, as well as the desert in the north of the country. Red stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice.

Flag courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Map courtesy of the CIA World Factbook

Google Earth

An African bush elephant

Photo courtesy of Wikipedia

Chad is a member of ICAO.
Last updated on April 20, 2024


According to Britannica, under the constitution of 2018, Chad is a republic. The executive branch of the government is represented by the president, who serves as the head of state and government. The president is elected by universal suffrage to a six-year term, limited to two terms. A previous restriction that allowed the president to serve only two five-year terms was abolished in 2005, when a 2004 constitutional amendment that removed term limits was approved via national referendum; another change, made in the 2018 constitution, increased the president’s term to six years and, going forward, restored the two-term limit. The legislative branch is served by the National Assembly, comprising members who are directly elected to four-year terms; under the terms of the 2018 constitution, terms will be changed to five years with the next election. For administrative purposes, Chad is divided into regions.

After the unexpected death of Pres. Idriss Déby Itno in April 2020, the military dissolved the government and National Assembly and established a military council, the National Council of Transition, to govern for an 18-month period.

Chad’s judicial system comprises the Supreme Court and criminal and magistrate courts. A Constitutional Council and a High Court of Justice, the latter made up of National Assembly members elected by their peers to handle any cases of treason involving members of the government, were abolished under the 2018 constitution.

Civil / National Aviation Authority (CAA/NAA)

The CAA is the official website that enables aviation companies to apply for all type of permits related to the Airspace and Airports in Chad.


SkyVectorGoogle MapsADS-B Exchange

ICAO countries publish an Aeronautical Information Publication (AIP). This document is divided into three parts: General (GEN), En Route (ENR) and Aerodromes (AD). ENR 1.4 details the types of airspace classes they chose to adopt from classes A through G. eAIP ASECNA

Drone Regulations

Currently, there is no legal framework for the use of drones.


Advanced Air Mobility (AAM)


Short Essay Questions

Question 1

You have been hired by a Drone Startup Company. Your boss has immediately assigned this job to you.

They need you to prepare a one-page memo detailing the legalities of using a drone to film elephant poachers in Chad, pictured above.

They need you to mention any national laws and local ordinances.

They specifically want to know what airspace you will be operating in and whether or not you need an airspace authorization.

Does it matter whether or not you are a citizen of the country?

Lastly, there is a bonus for you if, as you scroll through this chapter, you find any typos or broken links!

Question 2

Do you need a certificate to fly UAS?

If so, how do you obtain one?

Are there fees associated with this?

If so, how much?

Question 3

May you operate beyond visual line of sight?

If so, what procedures must you follow?

Question 4

Does the country have UAM/AAM laws? If so, describe, citing the exact law.

Question 5

Are you aware of any new laws or policies not mentioned above? If so, describe, citing the exact law or policy.





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Drones Across the World Copyright © 2023 by Sarah Nilsson is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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